1. Rumination disorder
Rumination disorder is nothing but persistent regurgitation of food after eating. It is not due to a medical condition or any other eating disorder such as anorexia, bulimia or binge-eating disorder. Food is brought back up into the mouth without nausea and it is spat out from the mouth. This disorder may ultimately result in undernourishment if the person continuously spits out the food or if the person eats less to avoid the vomit. Rumination disorder is more common in infants or in people having intellectual disability.
2. Binge Eating Disorder
Individuals who suffer from Binge Eating Disorder will frequently lose control over eating. This disorder is not followed by compensatory behaviors, such as purging, fasting, or excessive exercise and thus, is different from bulimia. Attributing to these, people suffering from binge eating disorder are on a higher risk of becoming obese and developing cardiovascular diseases.Individuals having this disorder may also experience a deep feeling of guilt, distress, awkwardness and embarrassment which further accelerates the continuation of the eating disorder.
3. Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
This disorder is simply characterized by not taking the minimum daily nutrition requirements because an individual doesn't have an interest in eating. People suffering from this disorder avoid food which have certain peculiar characteristics such as texture, smell or taste. Also, people are concerned about the consequences of eating food such as choking or any other internal problem. Unlike Anorexia, Food is not avoided because of the fear of gaining weight. It can result in reduction of body weight as well as health issues. Avoid ant food intake disorder is not diagnosed when symptoms are also belonging to other eating disorders like anorexia or any other psychiatric disorder.
4. Body Dymorphic Disorder (BDD)
Any person diagnosed with this disorder is completely convinced that he or she has a number of defects in the body that ranges from an ugly face to an unimpressive body. It reaches to such an extent that the person develops inferiority complex which is even worse than a normal teenager's insecurity of looks. Whenever a person with this disorder looks into the mirror, he or she feels that they are totally unattractive and see themselves the opposite of they actually are.
5. Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS)
PWS is chromosomal defect and not hereditary one. Every gender has the same possibility of getting infected with this disorder and it accompanies many symptoms like incomplete growth, mental retardation, unending appetite, decreased muscle tone and improper growth. PWS should be treated at an early stage or else the person might end up dying. Also, PWS causes an unquenchable appetite and thus should be treated to avoid any fatality to humans.
Bulimia is a disorder that is similar to anorexia. People suffering from bulimia eat excessively and then try to compensate their calorie intake in extreme ways; such as making themselves throw up or exercising all the time in order to prevent weight gain. Both physically and emotionally, it can prove to be dangerous to an individual. They can also lead to compulsive behaviors which can go up to extreme levels. To have bulimia a person must be binging and purging regularly, at least once a week for a couple of months. Binge eating is different from going to a party and eating pizza, then deciding to go to the gym and eat more healthy foods.
People with anorexia have an actual fear of putting on weight and a disfigured view of their body size and shape. They hardly eat anything at all and even if they do, they feel as if the small amount of food will take in a lot of calories. Thus, they try to eat as little as possible and become dangerously underweight. Many teenagers with anorexia restrict their food intake and try weight reducing methods like dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise. Although, this is not a healthy way of shedding calories and becoming fit and healthy.
Some people suffering from anorexia eat too much by forcing food in their stomach and then making themselves puke and throw up the food.They do this to get rid of the excess calories. Some anorexics also use certain types of medication or laxatives or exercising excessively.
It is a disorder characterized by the obsession of eating healthy food items. This disease is often confused with anorexia. The main difference between these two diseases is the reasoning behind the eating habits. Anorexics are obsessed with losing weight, while orthopedics feel an urge for healthy foods. Orthorexia is not recognized in general as much and thus will not be diagnosed; though having a greater stronghold across the United States. Orthorexia is not a dangerous disorder; it is just a state of mind which makes a person think only about health conscious foods.
Pica is basically the most interesting disease in the entire article. It is an eating disorder as well as a psychiatric problem. They are driven with the desire of eating non-nutritional and non-food items. These may include anything such as plastic, sponge,soap, paint, liquid wash etc. It is but natural to fall sick or even die from pica. This is because the sufferer may indulge in eating dangerous chemicals,harmful toxins and sharp objects that will deteriorate and destroy their internal organ functioning, ultimately proving as fatal as death.
10. Night Eating Syndrome
Night Eating Syndrome is a new disorder just like orthorexia still in the process of gaining diagnosis. Night eating syndrome affected people that are normally obese, eat almost nothing in the morning. During the day they eat less and eat over half of their daily calories at night. These sufferers experience insomnia i.e. they cannot sleep at night or sometimes they wake up just to indulge into more food.Individuals suffering from this syndrome hardly ever admit that they are affected.